Digital technology use during COVID-19 pandemic: A rapid review:

 1 INTRODUCTION

COVID-19 is an unprecedented, worldwide pandemic that has been compared to the Second war , the good Depression, and therefore the 1918 Spanish Flu in terms of the impact on human behavior. to regulate the COVID-19 pandemic, physical distancing, and quarantine measures were mandated. In an attempt to satisfy this mandate while trying to take care of the established order , various sorts of human behavior (e.g., shopping, learning, working, meeting, and entertaining) shifted from offline to online, leading to an accelerated diffusion of emerging digital technologies among ordinary people, while the digital divide further increases between citizens with versus without access to the technologies. Consequently, unprecedented changes in both human behavior and emerging technology diffusion generate a replacement opportunity for our research community to review technology-related behavior within the global crisis. Now, one basic question that must be answered is what proportion literature has been accumulated and the way much is understood about digital technology use during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Digital technology



Despite the short time after COVID-19 became an epidemic and therefore the long article publication circle, a search team from University of Bologna of Italy has already released one review (Golinelli et al., 2020) as a sort of preprint in midrib, a preprint server for health sciences and a free source for disseminating research on COVID-19 before referee . it's the earliest review we've found that synthesizes the research on the utilization of digital technologies during the COVID-19 pandemic. during this rapid review, it focused on public health issues associated with COVID-19, identified 52 articles, reviewed 29 articles intimately , and located that digital technologies are used for 3 medical activities: diagnosis, surveillance, and prevention. Just a couple of weeks ago, when revising this review supported the received external reviews, a replacement review was published in Nature Medicine (Budd et al., 2020 

2 METHODS

We chose rapid review as a fitted review approach so as to realize our primary research goal of synthesizing the literature within a limited time (Trico et al., 2017). For this review, we aimed to deal with four research questions; what sorts of digital technologies are used? Who is using these digital technologies

2.1 Literature search

This rapid review of technology use in COVID-19 on both the published literature and therefore the grey literature. Our literature search consists of the subsequent four steps shown in Figure 1.


3 Literature search process

A priori inclusion criteria were the following:

    1-  any primary search will mainly specialize              in  empirical studies and literature                            reviews, 

    2 -  the research aimed toward technology use            specifically during COVID-19 pandemic

    3 -  the search was limited to English articles                only, and

   4 -   the time-restriction is from the primary                  outbreak of the virus in late 2019 so far ,                with most research that specialize in 2020.


Second, after an initial keyword search within the databases, references of relevant articles were searched manually for relevant studies. Once a gaggle of potential studies has been identified, we screened each of those articles to work out their relevance (Pettigrew & Roberts, 2006).

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